|American Horror Story|
Established Connections confirmed or hinted at within the show or that creators, actors, or people working on the show have mentioned in articles or interviews
Connections Between Characters
- In Asylum, Sister Mary Eunice tells Lana Winters that Pepper was admitted to Briarcliff Manor for drowning her sister's baby and cutting off its ears. In Freak Show, it is revealed that prior to being an inmate of Briarcliff, Pepper was an orphan adopted by Elsa Mars, who gave her a home as a performer for her Cabinet of Curiosities, a freak show in Jupiter, Florida. After the death of Pepper's husband Salty, Elsa reconnects Pepper with her long-lost sister Rita, believing it important that Pepper finally be with her biological family during her time of need. Unfortunately, Rita and her husband look upon Pepper with disgust and treat her as more of a servant. After Rita gives birth to a son afflicted with Microcephaly (the same condition Pepper herself has) they murder their own child and frame Pepper for his death, leading to her being taken to Briarcliff Manor.
- In 1932 Germany, Nazi scientist Hans Grüper (who would later go on to disguise his true identity as "Dr. Arthur Arden" of Briarcliff Manor in the 1940s, after Hitler's downfall) is responsible for the disfigurement of Elsa Mars. While working as a prostitute in Germany, Elsa's legs were sawed off by Arden and several other unidentified men for a snuff film. It was revealed in Asylum that Dr. Arden keeps pictures of mutilated women at his home for erotic purposes, and he amputates the legs of Shelley when she refuses his advances.
- Marcy, the realtor who sold Ben and Vivien Harmon the Murder House during the first season, later transfers ownership of the Hotel Cortez from Countess Elizabeth to Will Drake in 2015 during the fifth season.
- In Murder House, Dr. Charles Montgomery performed illegal abortions in the basement of the house during the 1920s. In Hotel, a flashback of 1926 reveals that Countess Elizabeth visited him at the Murder House to ask for an abortion, only to end up giving birth to her son Bartholomew who, having inherited his mother's vampirism, killed and consumed Charles's nurse.
- In Murder House, Constance Langdon introduces Violet Harmon to Billie Dean Howard in 2011, a psychic medium she met and befriended through Craigslist, who mentions that she is in the process of developing her own television show. In 2022, Billie Dean Howard arrives at the Hotel Cortez during the filming of this very show during the finale of Hotel, interviewing the ghost of the deceased Ten Commandments Killer. 
- In Freak Show, Elsa Mars films a commercial in 1960 Hollywood for Campfire Gold-brand coffee, but cuts mid-production to complain about its terrible script and the quality of the coffee itself. After the tragic death of Donovan in Hotel, Liz Taylor cremates his body in the Hotel Cortez's furnace and puts his ashes in a Campfire Gold coffee tin to give to his mother.
- Queenie, one of the witches of Miss Robichaux's Academy from Coven, checks into the Hotel Cortez in 2015 after receiving a ticket to attend the studio audience of The Price is Right in Los Angeles. There, she is murdered in her room by the ghost of James Patrick March and drained of blood by the vampire Ramona Royale, two characters from Hotel.
- This incident is revisited in the season eight episode "Could It Be... Satan?", showing a flashback of Cordelia Goode traveling to the hotel in search of the missing Queenie, where she finds Queenie's ghost playing card games with James March in order to cure her eternal boredom. When Cordelia is unable to release Queenie's ghost past the confines of the hotel, Queenie is released a year later by Michael Langdon, the Anti-Christ from Murder House, as part of his bid to show the Salem witches his power and become their new Supreme.
- Michael Langdon also releases the ghosts of Madison Montgomery and Misty Day from both of their respective torments in Hell, where they've been trapped since the events of Coven.
- Madison travels to the Murder House in search of answers on Michael Langdon, seeing him as a threat to her sister witches, and meets various characters from the first season, including the Harmons, the Langdons, Billie Dean Howard and various other ghosts in the house, includingMoira O'Hara, whose remains she digs up from the house's backyard to send her to the afterlife.
- In Murder House, Billie Dean Howard details to Constance Langdon and Violet Harmon the story of the mysterious Roanoke Colony and mentions the word "Croatoan" as a spell against ghosts. The sixth season, Roanoke, focuses on both of these elements.
- Gloria Mott mentions to Dandy Mott in Freak Show that the Mott family has been interbreeding for centuries, resulting in a history of severe mental illness throughout their bloodline. In Roanoke, it is revealed via the TV show "My Roanoke Nightmare" (a show-within-a-show in the American Horror Story universe) that the Roanoke House was built by Edward Philippe Mott, an ancestor of Gloria and Dandy with severe social anxiety, whose behavior strongly paralleled Dandy's.
- In an interview for "My Roanoke Nightmare", historian Doris Kearns Goodwin states that the Roanoke House was in the Mott family trust for centuries after Edward's mysterious death, passed down through his descendants until Dandy Mott, the last of the Mott family, died in 1952 in South Florida (which was shown in the episode "Curtain Call", the finale of Freak Show).
- After surviving the events of "Return to Roanoke", Lee Miller is able to convince an elderly Lana Winters (from Asylum) to come out of retirement in order to interview her for an episode of "The Lana Winters Special" . Lee confesses to Lana that she felt a connection with her based off of what Lana "had to go through" (a reference to Lana's traumatic experiences with both Bloody Face killers, as revealed in her best-selling autobiography "Maniac" in the 1970s).
- When the filming crew of the TV show "Ghost Chasers" decide to break into the Roanoke House during the October Blood Moon to determine if it is really haunted, one of the crew remarks that it is "just as creepy as that asylum" (a clear reference to Briarcliff Manor from Asylum, which was featured on a tour of America's most haunted locales, explored by newlywed couple Teresa and Leo Morrison in 2012 ).
- Derrick, a patient of Ben Harmon's from season one, lived with an irrational fear of urban legends due to bullying at a young age from his brothers. In particular, Derrick feared the legend of the Piggy Man. In Roanoke, it is revealed that the urban legend is in fact based off of the real-life Kincaid Polk, an ancestor of the Polk Family introduced in that season. Jether Polk claims that he is the only member of the Polk family to have gained any fame, and looks up to him as his role model.
- Derrick also feared the legend of the Lady in White. In 1984, the Lady in White's backstory is expounded on, revealing her to be the ghost of Lavinia Richter, a cook at Camp Redwood who lost her son Bobby to a horrible accident and massacred the male camp staff after blaming them for his death, donning her white sleeping gown at the time of the murders.
- In Cult, it is revealed that a comic book series based on Twisty the Clown (of Freak Show) has been created, titled "Twisty: The Clown Chronicles". Oz Mayfair-Richards is a fan of the series, much to the horror of his mother, who is coulrophobic.
- Donna (from 1984) claims to have interviwed John Wayne Gacy, who made a direct appearance in Hotel as an annual guest of James Patrick March's Devil's Night soiree, having been taught by him how to be a notorious serial killer in his youth.
- In 1984, it is later revealed that John Wayne Gacy's house was turned into a true crime tourist attraction by Margaret Booth. Margaret Booth also acquired Spahn ranch, the compound where the Manson family lived, all of whom were featured in Cult.
- Before dying and attending James March's Devil's Night, Richard Ramirez went to Camp Redwood to kill one specific girl.
- Vivien Harmon mentions in Murder House that her family is originally from Florida as her sister, Jo, currently lives there, indicating that she may be related to characters from Freak Show. 
- Dr. Arthur Arden and Elsa Mars are both from Germany (specifically WWII Nazi Germany).
- Sally Freeman, one of Ben's patients, reveals that she attempted to commit suicide in a hotel in Downtown Los Angeles.  It is possible that this hotel was the Hotel Cortez.
- In the late 1920s, Elizabeth pays daily visits to a columbarium where Rudolph Valentino is buried. This is the same crypt where Lana Winters buried Wendy Peyser in the 1960s.
- In Asylum, Teresa and Leo Morrison mention while exploring the ruins of Briarcliff Manor that they are on a tour of the United States' most haunted locations for their honeymoon; it is possible that this tour is "The Eternal Darkness Tour" from Murder House.
- The Hotel Cortez, Miss Robichaux's Academy and the Murder House all appear in the eighth season, Apocalypse.
- In Murder House, Hayden states she likes the seaside community in Marina del Rey, California. In 1984, Trevor Kirchner mentions he taught aerobics there.
- A photograph of Briarcliff Manor is shown as part of Margaret Booth's macabre tour attractions.
Along with direct connections between the characters themselves, there are certain scenes, dialogues, and situations which directly parallel each other in different seasons.
- Both Kyle Spencer and the Infantata were stitched back together by the Montgomeries - Kyle by Madison Montgomery, and the Infantata by Dr. Charles Montgomery. Madison, notably, is already in possession of an ancient spell to resurrect the dead in "Boy Parts", taking it out of her purse to read when she helps Zoe Benson bring Kyle back to life.
- Both Cordelia Foxx and Michael Langdon seem to share an affinity for conjuring up snakes while performing rituals in a circle.
- In 2013, Delphine LaLaurie mentions that a hundred years from then, when people dig her out of her grave once more, the "natural order" of the world will be restored. Wilhemina Venable, 2 weeks after the nuclear apocalypse in 2019, mentions that the natural order of the world has restored itself, as the illusion of people being equal to each other has been swept away.
- In regard to her acting career, Constance Langdon states "I put that butterfly of a dream in a jar on the shelf". While hers was a metaphor, Ma Petite (who often pretended she was a butterfly) suffered that fate literally.
- Tate asked Violet if she had any Kurt Cobain music. Evan Peters later sang "Come As You Are" as Jimmy Darling.
- Monsignor Timothy Howard cut his wrists in a bathtub. Dr. Alex Lowe attempted to commit suicide in the same way, but was unsuccessful. Dandy Mott relaxed in a bathtub filled with blood.
- Cupcakes are a (poisonous) treat! Constance baked some for Violet, and Stanley offered some to Bette and Dot Tattler.
- Sister Mary Eunice loves "The Sign of the Cross" as much as Legless Suzi doesn't.
- Social outcasts are dismembered regularly by medical staff. Shelley became legless, while Jimmy Darling later had his hands removed.
- Both Fiona Goode and Elsa Mars dismissed men with "lover boy" during arguments.
- In addition to their murderous tendencies, Johnny Morgan and Dandy Mott both share a quirk for suckling. The former from the bosom of a new mother, the latter from a bottle.
- Both Dandy and Myrtle Snow got rid of corpses by dissolving them in acid.
- Delphine LaLaurie, Ethel Darling and Miriam Mead, all characters portrayed by Kathy Bates, lost their heads in their respective seasons. The Butcher also slices Agnesʼ head in half with a cleaver.
- Elsa Mars performed "Life on Mars" by David Bowie several times. Ironically, she later appeared on the cover of Life magazine.
- Denis O'Hare played two characters in (unrequited) love with characters played by Jessica Lange. Larry loved Constance and Spalding loved Fiona.
- In contrast, Elsa and Fiona were romantically involved with Massimo Dolcefino and the Axeman, respectively, both played by Danny Huston.
- With Fiona only having one month left to live due to her cancer, the Axeman proposed they run away together. The opposite occurred between Elsa and Massimo, when Massimo had cancer and Elsa proposed they run away together.
- Madison telekinetically threw a knife at Joan Ramsey, afterwhich Fiona replied that she had to improve on her aim. In Freak Show, Elsa practiced her knife-throwing skills on Maggie Esmeralda.
- The waitresses' uniform is the same in the episodes "Dark Cousin" and "Monsters Among Us".
- Both Marie Laveau and Desiree Dupree (both played by Angela Bassett) saw their extended family massacred by white men obsessed with characters played by Sarah Paulson. Hank Foxx with Cordelia, and Dandy with Bette and Dot.
- Characters named Fiona are willing to drown people in the bathtub. Murder House's Fiona tried to drown Violet, and Fiona Goode drowned Nan.
- Characters portrayed by Jessica Lange have thus far always possessed some degree of empathy for others. When a demonically-possessed Jed Potter screamed that he couldn't see, Sister Jude ran to help him. When Cordelia screamed because of the acid in her eyes, Fiona ran to help her.
- Finn Wittrock's characters lure gay men to their death. Dandy kills Andy, and Tristan Duffy kills "The Lumberjack".
- Andy (played by Matt Bomer) is killed by Dandy Mott (played by Finn Wittrock) at their first meeting. Karmically, Rudolph Valentino (Wittrock) is killed by Donovan (Bomer) at their first meeting.
- Both Dandy and Tristan are keen to point out that they are definitely not gay... Before having a sexual encounter with another man.
- Makeup brand representatives like Avon or Mary Kay are not safe from Serial Killers.
- Addie and Liz Taylor have similar reactions at seeing ther reflections in mirrors after getting makeovers from Violet and Elizabeth, respectively.
- Constance, Iris and Behold Chablis use sage sticks to cleanse unwanted spirits in "Pilot", "Be Our Guest", and "Return to Murder House".
- Zoe Benson, Queenie and Nan drink absinthe to connect with spirits. John Lowe does the same during Devil's Night, and Billie Dean Howard drinks absinthe on the Devil's Night of 2022.
- Wrongdoers' hangings are often averted. Desiree cuts Dell's rope, Mr. March saves John Lowe, and Zoe interrupts Alicia Spencer before she can put a noose around her neck.
- Nora Montgomery and Shelby Miller (both played by Lily Rabe) kill their husbands before killing themselves in the seventh episode of the season they appear in, namely during the episodes "Open House" and "Chapter 7".
- The mask used by Madison to frighten Zoe upon her arrival at the Academy appears in Winter Anderson's bedroom.
- Cordelia and Michael both cover over their smiles with their hands during their respective Test of the Seven Wonders.
- Three out of four characters portrayed by Cheyenne Jackson died after having their throats slit.
- Just like Vivien, Timothy Campbell received a message written on a blurry mirror.
- Mallory (played by Billie Lourd) repeatedly ran over Michael Langdon (played by Cody Fern). Xavier (Fern) met Montana (Lourd) when she rear-ended him in traffic.
- At Outpost 3, purple is an elitist color worn by the rich and genetically superior. But at Camp Redwood, this mix of red and blue is frowned upon. Nevertheless, Ms. Venable and Margaret Booth share the same opposition to their subordinates indulging in sexual activities.
- In "Open House", Nora Montgomery describes the new furniture by saying, “this is wrong, all wrong”. Misty Day quotes her verbatim about alligator carcasses. Both are played by Lily Rabe.
- "Cat got your tongue?" is a recurring question from Jessica Lange's characters. Constance, Fiona and Elsa said it at one point.
- In "Piggy Piggy", Constance said "This house will make you a believer". In "Continuum", Monsignor Howard said "I will make you a believer, Jude."
- Constance believes that “life is for the living”, whilst Elsa “das leben will geliebt werden”, meaning "life is to be lived."
- Both Larry Gayheart and Fiona Goode referred to drowning their victims as "kill[ing] two birds with a stone."
- In "Unholy Night", Sister Mary Eunice/Satan said, “You're either with me or you're against me. And if you're against me, even God can't help you”. In "Fearful Pranks Ensue", Marie Laveau said, “You're either with me or against me, and if it's the latter you best stay out of my way”.
- Misty Day, Billie Dean Howard and Cricket Marlowe claims they have surrounded themselves with “white spirit light”, "white light of spirit”, and “white light of protection”. The slightly different names have in common their poor effectiveness.
- Dandy Mott said his "car just broke down. Would you mind if I borrowed your telephone? ”Before committing the" Tupperware Party Massacre". Kai Anderson tried to get into Ally's house by saying, "Can I use your phone? My care just broke down."
- Bursting into Briarcliff Manor for her documentary, Lana Winters said, “When we get inside, no matter what happens, or what anybody says, you keep shooting”. Sidney Aaron James echoed her by saying, “the camera never stops no matter what anybody says. Even if I tell you to stop, keep rolling” when filming "Return to Roanoke" mockumentary.
- Both Costance and Michael Langdon torment Larry and Ms. Venable by telling them to show their shame, referring to their physical deformities.
- Medium Billie Dean Howard and Supreme Cordelia Goode (both played by Sarah Paulson) claim to hear screams in the walls of the Hotel Cortez.
- Madison Montgomery likes to address people she dislikes by saying: "Surprise, bitch. I bet you thought you'd seen the last of me".
- Sister Mary Eunice/Satan told Monsignor Howard, "You're mine now. Body and soul." Mr. Gallant pleased Rubber Man by telling him, “I'm yours. Body and fucking soul”.
- Dr. Arden said that, “Cleanliness is, after all, next to godliness”. Margaret Booth shares this very sentiment.
- Ramona said to Donovan, “You're more dumb than you're pretty. And you're very pretty”. Blake said to Xavier, “You're as dumb as you're pretty. And you're very very pretty”
- Adelaide Langdon cheerfully warned Troy and Bryan that they were "gonna die in there" (Murder House). Ed told the same thing to the new counselors on their way to Camp Redwood.
- Medium Cricket Marlowe asked the Uber driver if he “ever heard of the term 'gay-for-pay'”. Xavier did, according to Blake. 
- Harry Goodman shares his surname with Sam Goodman.
- Charles Montgomery and by extension, Nora and Thaddeus, share a surname with Madison.
- Billie Dean Howard and Timothy Howard share thei same surname. Writers originally planned on naming him Monsignor O'Hara, which he would have shared with Moira O'Hara.
- Former Murder House resident and YGTDIT character Stanley Samuel Argento shares his name with Stanley, whose real full name is unknown. The latter's alias, Richard Spencer, could be his real name, which he shares with Kyle and Alicia Spencer.
- Homonymous Detectives Jack Colquitt may be distant relatives of each other.
- Another detective named Jack makes his appearance in 2016.
- Sister Jude is admitted to Briarcliff Asylum under the false name of "Betty Drake". Will Drake is one of the latest owners of the Hotel Cortez.
- Uber driver named Rhett Snow may be related to Myrtle Snow, a witch.
- Constance Langdon claims to be distant cousins to the DeLongpres of Virginia.  "DeLongpre" happens to be the last name of former Supreme, Mimi DeLongpre.
- Bob Thompson and Brooke share their surnames.
American Horror Story presents a wide range of recurring themes and tropes throughout its instalments. Some of them create bridges across many seasons, while others are more evident in some of the stories.
Rape and their result are often events related to the evilness roaming in a place anchoring ghosts to the brutal place of their death, often at the hands of serial killers. Supernatural occurrences go hand in hand with murder and violence in the horror repertoire — witches, vampires, zombies and aliens all have their own issues. Infidelity, intolerance and fanaticism are not exclusive to humans.
Congenital disorder and prenatal abnormality are far less terrifying than socially praised beauty that hides danger and depravity. Usually, anyways.
|EDITOR'S NOTE: This section is in need of a clean-up. Unconfirmed fan theories are better suited for Board:Theories. If they're "confirmed," they earn full entries in their specific sections.|
For the most part, this is a list of connections speculated by fans but which have not been confirmed by American Horror Story's creators, actors, or crew members. However, some of these theories have in fact turned out to be true, and are thus listed as Confirmed.
- There is a theory that Elizabeth, after having gone to Dr. Charles Montgomery for an abortion that ended in the birth of Bartholomew, would have had to explain the presence of her unnatural offspring to her husband, James Patrick March, given that Bartholomew was still alive. It is possible that March, being a serial killer, is responsible for disfiguring Thaddeus Montgomery, Charles's son, as retribution for nearly killing Bartholomew - an act which would ultimately result in Charles resurrecting Thaddeus from the dead as "the Infantata", a bloodthirsty monster of his own.
- Because witchcraft is passed down through family bloodlines, Charles may also be a warlock. If this holds true, it is possible that Charles used vampire blood obtained during Elizabeth's abortion, coupled with his innate witchcraft genetics, to resurrect his son into the Infantata. This would not only explain why the Infantata is a reanimated being opposed to a ghost but would also explain why it possesses an unquenchable thirst for blood.
- Because of her possible familial connection with a believer of the Catholic faith, it is possible that Billie Dean's mediumship is a gift from God, akin to historical figures such as Joan of Arc. Ironically, it is through Billie Dean that Michael Langdon is believed to be the Anti-Christ, an evil figure fated by the Bible to end the world, and it is through her gift that she helps both Constance Langdon and Iris, respectively, communicate with lost loved ones that have crossed over into Heaven.
- Confirmed: If the Demon from Asylum is actually Satan himself, then he is directly linked to Murder House. According to Billie Dean Howard, he is associated with Michael Langdon, the prophesied Anti-Christ destined to usher in the End of Days. Given that each season has been confirmed to exist in the same shared universe, this may imply that the Demon can return in a future season.
- Sister Mary Eunice was killed after being thrown from the top of a spiral staircase by Timothy Howard, during which the camera panned from a birds-eye view as she fell to her death. In "Welcome to Briarcliff", Sister Jude refers to this staircase as her "Stairway to Heaven"; consequently, Mary Eunice's descent downward may be symbolic of the Demon's fall from grace. Interestingly, several seasons have featured similar spiral staircases, and all have been displayed from a birds-eye view at least once or more in their retrospective seasons. All of these staircases exist in places known for having dark and sordid histories - the Murder House, the Roanoke House, Briarcliff Manor, Mott Manor and Outpost 3 - implying a possible connection to the Demon. This may be further supported via the as-of-yet-explained demonic murals found painted on the walls of the Murder House , which have a striking resemblance to those painted by Constance Langdon  - the adoptive grandmother of the Anti-Christ .
- Confirmed: Interestingly, Miss Robichaux's Academy is the only main location in the series that does not have a spiral staircase, instead featuring an imperial staircase with a large window at its center. Unlike the other locations featured on the show, which are dark and ominous, Miss Robichaux's and all of the furniture within are bright white in coloration, and various forms of light freely stream through its halls. This may be an indication that witches are intended to be "the light in a dark world", metaphorically speaking, and will rise up to defeat the Devil and the Anti-Christ when the time comes.
- In "Bitchcraft", the pilot of Coven, Delphine LaLaurie mentions vengeful gods of Greek mythology, and Marie Laveau is revealed to have committed human sacrifices to Papa Legba, a Voodoo god, in exchange for immortality. In Roanoke, it is revealed that Scathach descends from the Druids and Romans, and has the Roanoke Colony commit annual human sacrifices in the name of "the old gods" during the October Blood Moon. It is possible that Scathach worships several of the gods referenced in Coven.
- In Murder House, Constance Langdon states that she had four children - Tate, Adelaide, Beauregard, and one other unknown child. In a commentary with showrunner Ryan Murphy, he states that a deleted scene would have revealed that Constance's fourth child was afflicted with albinism, and had an unknown fate. It is possible that the albino bodyguard that accompanies Zoe Benson on her first day at Miss Robichaux's Academy is Constance's long-lost fourth child.
- By the year 2022, the entire general public seems to be aware of the presence of ghosts, and several tourists desire to intentionally stay in places which are haunted, as seen in "Be Our Guest", the finale of Hotel. This may be due to several television shows in the American Horror Story universe having exploited locations which are haunted, such as the Hotel Cortez in Billie Dean Howard's TV show and the Roanoke House in both "My Roanoke Nightmare" and "Ghost Chasers". In Roanoke, a fan of "My Roanoke Nightmare" in the UK states via YouTube that the horrific events seen looked far too real to be fake, and voices her concerns over the fact that none of the show's cast were seen again after "Return to Roanoke: Three Days in Hell" - a video that can be seen steadily gaining attention by the number of likes it's starting to get, indicating that people are starting to become more aware that ghosts are real.
- There is a theory that the Extraterrestrials featured in Asylum are responsible for the creation of the witches from Coven, as their test subjects have been shown to exhibit extraordinary talents which surpass normal human beings. Julia Walker and Thomas Bertrand, two children conceived via alien influence, were able to cure a mentally unstable Sister Jude via unknown means. It is possible that aliens have been experimenting on human beings for many decades, and witches are the descendants of one such experiment. Additionally, it should be noted that aliens have been equated to a position akin to God according to interviews with Ryan Murphy, and some witches are known for worshipping "the old gods" which predate Christianity. The vampires featured in Hotel may also hail from a similar experiment, albeit perhaps a less successful one given their insatiable need for blood.
- If the Extraterrestrials are in fact the equivalent of God in the American Horror Story universe, then they are direct enemies of the Devil, and may have created witches for the purpose of protecting humanity from the influence of the Anti-Christ, which the Devil is said to be responsible for creating.
- It is theorized by some fans that Emily from Apocalypse is the long-lost daughter of Lee Harris, who mentioned inRoanoke that she had a daughter named Emily who went missing.